Memory usage by VASP-5.4 DFPT calculations

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deepashri
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Memory usage by VASP-5.4 DFPT calculations

#1 Post by deepashri » Sat Apr 08, 2017 6:18 am

Dear All,

I am performing DFPT calculations with VASP-5.4.1 for a monolayer with vacuum in z-direction. The POSCAR contains 108 atoms with 788 electrons. Following are the KPOINTS and INCAR files,

%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
Monkhorst-Pack
0
Monkhorst-Pack
10 10 1
0 0 0
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
ISTART = 0
INIWAV = 1
NWRITE = 2
LWAVE = .TRUE.
PREC = accurate
EDIFF = 1.0E-6
EDIFFG = -0.001
ISMEAR = 1
SIGMA = 0.001
ICHARG = 2
LCHARG = .TRUE.
ISYM = 1
NELMIN = 4
NELM = 100
NELMDL = 0

IBRION = 8
ISIF = 3
NFREE = 2
NSW = 1
POTIM = 0.02
IALGO = 38
LDIAG = .TRUE.
LPETIM = .FALSE.
LREAL = .FALSE.
LORBIT = 1
# NPAR = 1
# NSIM = 16
LPLANE = .TRUE.
LRPA = .FALSE.
LELF = .FALSE.
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%

The calculations demand enormous amount of memory. They use entire memory on every node, even if the memory per node is 256GB. Is this job supposed to use so much memory? How to handle this issue? Could we somehow restrict the memory usage through the input or during VASP installation?

Thanks in advance.
Best,
Deepashri.

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Re: Memory usage by VASP-5.4 DFPT calculations

#2 Post by admin » Mon Apr 10, 2017 11:55 am

In contrast to local basis sets, which increase with increasing number of atoms,
the basis set of planewaves fills the space. I.e. Basis set increases with
increasing cell volume. Because of this, in 2D calculations, which use the vacuum layer,
the cell volume can be prohibitively large.
Check the number of planewaves and the cell volume.

deepashri
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Re: Memory usage by VASP-5.4 DFPT calculations

#3 Post by deepashri » Wed Apr 12, 2017 12:24 pm

Thanks for the reply.
As you correctly mentioned, the number of plane waves is too large. Following are the required outputs,

total plane-waves NPLWV = ******
volume of cell : 5093.29

The vacuum the I have used is the minimum possible. Since, these are phonon calculations, the accuracy is also high. Is there any other solution for this?

alex
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Re: Memory usage by VASP-5.4 DFPT calculations

#4 Post by alex » Thu Apr 13, 2017 9:34 am

Hi deepashri,

I could see two ways to reduce memory:
a) reduce you Monkhorst mesh. Even for metals it might go down to sth. like 2x2x1. Consider your big cell. You have covered probably all interactions already using the gamma-point only. Check!
b) use cheaper PPs (or PAWs) to reduce cut-off energy. (I can't see it in the INCAR, so I can't judge if it is low enough already.)

Cheers,

alex

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