Dear VASP support team,
Analyzing the result of the calculation of the dielectric function of a semiconductor (LOPTICS = .True.), I found that the imaginary part [Im(eps)] in not zero even at energies well below the band gap value. In fact, the imaginary part departs from zero as soon as the energy is > 0. This is, of course, unphysical, and can lead to erroneous results for quantities depending on the dielectric function. I found the inaccuracy both with PBE and HSE06.
The problem greatly reduced if one uses a CSHIFT much smaller than the default one, e.g., CSHIFT=0.01, instead of CSHIFT=0.1. I ran a test using a 21x21x21 kpoint mesh using VASP version 5.4.4 (PBE calculation), comparing the result with both CSHIFTs. But the imaginary part of the dielectric function for CSHIFT=0.01, although small, is still not zero at energies > 0 below the band gap value. Also, the curve for CSHIFT=0.01 is not ideal, as it is jagged. In principle a higher density kpoint mesh should solve this. However, performing a HSE06 calculation over such dense kpoint meshes becomes computationally prohibitive, specially for systems such as the present one. This is unfortunate, because for a semiconductor one would like to use HSE06. I wonder how the calculations can be improved having hybrid functionals in mind.
The SCF calculation was done with the following INCAR and KPOINTS files:
INCAR
SYSTEM = Pb2SnSbO6.5
ENCUT = 450
PREC = Normal
ISMEAR = 0
SIGMA = 0.01
LREAL = Auto
EDIFF = 1.E05
NSIM = 4
NBANDS = 120
NPAR = 120
KPAR = 2
LMAXMIX = 4
KPOINTS
Pb2SnSbO6.5
0 ! automatically generate kpoints
Gamma !To generate k points via MP method
4 4 4 !the number of divisions along basic vector
0. 0. 0. !the shift
The dielectric function calculation was done with the following INCAR and KPOINTS files:
INCAR
SYSTEM = Pb2SnSbO6.5
ENCUT = 450
PREC = Normal
ISMEAR = 0
SIGMA = 0.01
LREAL = Auto
EDIFF = 1.E08
NSIM = 4
NBANDS = 240
NPAR = 120
KPAR = 2
LMAXMIX = 4
LOPTICS = .TRUE.
CSHIFT = 0.01
NEDOS = 10000
KPOINTS
Pb2SnSbO6.5
0 ! automatically generate kpoints
Gamma !To generate k points via MP method
21 21 21 !the number of divisions along basic vector
0. 0. 0. !the shift
The POTCARs used for the metals included the d electrons.
Best regards,
Rolando Saniz
Im(eps) not zero for energies < band gap
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