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# LMODELHF

LMODELHF = .TRUE. | .FALSE.

Default: **LMODELHF** = .FALSE.

Description: LMODELHF selects dielectric-dependent hybrid functionals with full exchange in the short-range, and AEXX in the long-range.

LMODELHF=.TRUE. selects the range separated hybrid functional suggested in Ref.^{[1]}
and Ref. ^{[2]} under the name dielectric-dependent hybrid functionals (DDH) and doubly screened hybrid (DSH) functionals, respectively. These two hybrid functionals are both based on a common model for the dielectric function, but differ in the way how the range-separation parameters are obtained from first principles calculations. Their connection and performance have been discussed for instance in Ref. ^{[3]}. In principle,
they can be considered to be a cleverly constructed approximation to COH-SEX (local Coulomb hole plus screened exchange),
albeit fulfilling many important constraints that the exact exchange correlation functional must observe.

The corresponding functional has been available in VASP since VASP.5.2 released in 2009 (so way before
the two publications), although the gradient contribution had been erroneously implemented in all
VASP.5 releases and is only correct in VASP.6.
The corresponding bug fix has been made available by the authors of Ref. ^{[2]}.
The non-local exchange part of the functional has also been used and documented in Ref. ^{[4]}, and
is covered in Improving the dielectric function.

Typically the user will need to set the following tags in the INCAR file:

LHFCALC = .TRUE. LMODELHF = .TRUE. HFSCREEN = 1.26 AEXX = 0.1

In this case, AEXX specifies the amount of exact exchange in the long range, that is for short wave vectors (). In the short range, that is for large wave vectors, always the full non-local exchange is used. The HFSCREEN determines how quickly the non-local exchange changes from AEXX to 1.

Specifically, in VASP, the Coulomb kernel in the exact exchange is multiplied by a model for the dielectric function :

- .

where corresponds to HFSCREEN, and is specified by AEXX. In real space this correspond to a Coulomb kernel

- .

The remaining part of the exchange is handled by an appropriate
semi-local exchange correlation functional. For further detail we refer to the literature listed below.

Typical values for HFSCREEN are listed in the table below

AlP 1.24 AlAs 1.18 AlSb 1.13 BN 1.7 CdO 1.34 CdS 1.19 CdSe 1.18 CdTe 1.07 C 1.70 GaN 1.39 GaP 1.24 GaAs 1.18 GaSb 1.12 Ge 1.18 InP 1.14 InAs 1.09 InSb 1.05 LiF 1.47 MgO 1.39 SiC 1.47 Si 1.26 ZnO 1.34 ZnS 1.27 ZnSe 1.20 ZnTe 1.12

These values have been obtained from fits of the dielectric function using the Nanoquanta kernel
and partially self-consistent GW calculations as used in Ref. ^{[5]}.
The values can be also estimated from simple dimensional scaling relations of the valence electron density. Furthermore
band gap predictions
are not very sensitive to the choice of HFSCREEN.

## Related Tags and Sections

LHFCALC, HFSCREEN, AEXX, hybrid functionals, Thomas-Fermi screening, settings for specific hybrid functionals

## References

- ↑ W. Chen, G. Miceli, G.M. Rignanese, A. Pasquarello Physical Review Materials 2, 073803 (2018).
- ↑
^{a}^{b}Z.H. Cui, Y.C. Wang, M.Y. Zhang, X. Xu, H. Jiang, J. Phys. Chem. Lett., 9, 2338-2345 (2018). - ↑ P. Liu, C. Franchini, M. Marsman, G. Kresse, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 32, 015502 (2020).
- ↑ M. Bokdam, T. Sander, A. Stroppa, S. Picozzi, D. D. Sarma, C. Franchini, G. Kresse, Scientific Reports 6, 28618 (2016).
- ↑ A. Grüneis, G. Kresse, Y. Hinuma, and F. Oba, Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 096401 (2014).