The NVT ensemble (canonical ensemble) is a statistical ensemble that is used to study material properties under the conditions of a constant particle number N, constant volume V and a temperature fluctuating around an equilibrium value . This page describes how to sample the NVT ensemble from a molecular-dynamics run.
Instructions for setting up an NVT ensemble
There are four choices of thermostats to control the temperature for the NVT ensemble: The stochastic Andersen thermostat and Langevin thermostat, as well as the deterministic Nose-Hoover thermostat and Multiple Andersen thermostats can be used. See table for the corresponding MDALGO setting and related tags.
|0 or 2
|additional tags to set
|NSUBSYS, TSUBSYS, PSUBSYS
The additional tags in the column for every thermostat have to be set. For example, the Nose-Hoover thermostat needs the additional SMASS tag. There are two implementations of the Nose-Hoover thermostat in VASP which will give the same results. The MDALGO=0 version can be used even if the code was compiled without the precompiler option -Dtbdyn. To enforce constant volume throughout the calculation, ISIF has to be set to less than three. The cell shape and volume have to be preoptimized when doing NVT simulations. This can either be done with a NpT molecular-dynamics run or by performing structure and volume optimization with IBRION=1 or 2 and setting ISIF>2. A general guide for molecular-dynamics simulations can be found on the molecular-dynamics page.
#INCAR molecular-dynamics tags NVT ensemble IBRION = 0 # choose molecular dynamics MDALGO = 2 # using Langevin thermostat ISIF = 2 # compute stress tensor but do not change box volume/shape TEBEG = 300 # set temperature NSW = 10000 # number of time steps POTIM = 1.0 # time step in femto seconds SMASS = 1.0 # setting the virtual mass for the Nose-Hoover thermostat
|Mind: This INCAR file only contains the parameters for the molecular-dynamics part. The electronic minimization or the machine learning tags have to be added.